Radicalisation has been a hot topic since 9/11 and radicalism is regarded as negative by definition. But born out of idealism, isn’t it often also a force for social change? Who is radical and who decides? Has there really been an increase in radical behaviour among young people in our current society or is it ‘only’ a matter of distorted representation? 

The multimedia project ANGRY was presented as an exhibition, website, educational modules and the debate The Day of Anger. The work of 31 international artists is juxtaposed with statements made in the media by governments, politicians, journalists, scientists, and activists over the past 50 years (1960 – 2010). The central part of ANGRY is formed by ten video portraits of (former) Dutch radicals, differing in age from 19 to 67 – who raise essential questions on their motivations. Workshops with young people resulted in video clips, a photo project, and graffiti. For the website, a game was developed “How radical are you?”, as a tool to trigger discussion amongst students as well as visitors.

ANGRY shows that radicalism exists in all ages, and all cultures. Looking back on history, one notices that angry, protesting youths are often considered foolish utopians, but that their ideals frequently became the norm later on. This is why ANGRY is just as much an ode to being able to devote yourself uncompromisingly to a good cause as it is a mirror for those who have lost their youthful idealism. Because isn’t indifference more radical than engagement?

Authors

Annete Behrens' works emerge from her fascination for the "Other" and for what deviates from the norm. The outsider is an important concept within her works. Through photography and video she looks at various, stereotypical groups and searches for groups with whom she can show our complicated, judgmental relationship towards the "Other".

What do we see, how do we want to been seen and what do we hide on the inside?
Can an image actually show the "Other"? Can a picture reach beyond a cliched representation? We arrange and categorize the world and the people around us in order to understand our chaotic surroundings.

Due to Behrens' upbringing in Germany and the history of my country she's been conscious about where this in- and exclusion can lead for all her life.

website

Nisrine Boukhari is a visual artist based in Vienna and one from the co-founder for AllArtNow the first contemporary art space in Syria. Boukhari’s artistic practice is marked by a nomadic complexity, both in terms of the factual situation of her native Syria and in terms of its own interests and implications. While working in Damascus, Boukhari investigated the «psychogeography» of the city, and after having to leave in 2012, her work has circled around questions of nomadism and belonging, and of how to deal with the loss of a city when the city seems to have lost itself.

website

Mohamed Bourouissa (1978, Blida) lives and works in Paris. He is renowned for his dynamic, impactful colour photographs of youth, immigrants and everyday life in the Paris suburbs. After graduating from the Ecole Nationale des Arts Décoratifs in Paris, Mohamed Bourouissa attracted the attention of the international art world with his series Périphérique, in which the artist registered the tensions and turbulence on the streets of Paris suburbs.

website

Daya Cahen (NL/ USA) was born in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, where she studied photography at the Gerrit Rietveld Academy (2002-2006). She makes photographs, videos, video and audio installations and since recently small paintings. The mainthemes of her work are propaganda, indoctrination and the manipulation of mass media.

Having two parents who survived WOII as jewish children, Daya Cahen grew up with the notion that the world can change on you in a day and you never know at which end of the line you will end up. A society can turn against any group of people. Investigating how these developments of indoctrination, radicalization and fear of otherness can arise within society as well as the mass psychology that goes with it, form the starting point for all of Cahen’s work. The role of the individual within the masses plays an important part in her work.

website

Yvon Chabrowski lives in Berlin and Leipzig. She separates media images that seem known and at the same time unfamiliar from their context and re-enact them. She takes characters and scenes from the internet, newspapers or television and deconstructs them. After this process of analysis, she re-enacts them in a reduced form.

The question in all of Chabrowski's work is: How much context needs a picture? How far can you take it out of context and yet still assign its origin? And how can it be experienced in a whole new and different way as something alien in the familiar?

website

Ad van Denderen (1943, The Netherlands) has worked as a photographer for Vrij NederlandStern, NRC Handelsblad, GEO and The Independent magazine, among others. He has received a number of prestigious prizes for his work, including the Visa d’Or at the international photo festival Visa pour l’Image in Perpignan in 2001 and The Netherlands Foundation for Visual Arts’ (Fonds BKVB) oeuvre prize in 2007/2008. Go No Go, his book on migration in Europe, based on 13 years of work, was published by Actes Sud, Mets & Schilt, Lunwerg Editores, Edition Braus and Paradox in 2003. For the 2008 SteidlMack/Paradox publication So Blue So Blue, Van Denderen photographed the 17 countries around the Mediterranean Sea. Earlier publications include Peace in The Holy Land, a book about Palestine (1997) andWelkom in Suid-Afrika, about apartheid (1991). Ad van Denderen is a member of VU agency, Paris.

website

LinkedIn

Rineke Dijkstra is a leading contemporary Dutch photographer. Known for her stark, engaging portraits, she often focuses on particular communities of people with an emphasis on capturing the awkwardness and self-consciousness of adolescence. “With young people everything is much more on the surface—all the emotions,” the artist observed. “When you get older you know how to hide things.”

Born on June 2, 1959 in Sittard, the Netherlands, she studied at the Rietveld Academie in Amsterdam. Her early work, Beach Portraits (1992–1994), is a seminal series of full-color, life-sized photographs of young teenagers in bathing suits taken on both American and European beaches. The project was shown in 1997 at The Museum of Modern Art in New York, bringing the artist widespread attention and critical acclaim.

Dijkstra has also worked in video, such as her filmed portraits of dancing teenagers in her work The Buzzclub, Liverpool, UK/Mysteryworld, Zaandam, NL (1996–1997). She has been the subject of numerous solo exhibitions, notably including “Rineke Dijkstra: A Retrospective” shown at both the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art and New York’s Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in 2012. She was awarded an Honorary Fellowship of the Royal Photographic Society in 2012.

Monica Nouwens (1964) completed a postgraduate fellowship at the Rijksacademie in Amsterdam and ultimately attended the California Institute of the Arts exchange programme for film and photography, where she developed a fascination with California's urban landscapes. Nouwens' work can be found in various collections worldwide. Amongst them are Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam, Levi's in London and Prada U.S.A. Corp in New York. Nouwens is a lecturer at the Southern California Institute of Architecture.

Platforms

ANGRY campaign - Isa
ANGRY campaign - Isa
© Thomas Roebers
ANGRY campaign - Izz
ANGRY campaign - Izz
© Thomas Roebers
ANGRY campaign - Rob
ANGRY campaign - Rob
© Thomas Roebers
Still from the video Nashi (
Still from the video Nashi ("Ours"), 2008. 10,000 girls and boys being prepared during the Nashi summer camp, the nationalistic youth movement supported by president Vladimir Putin.
© Daya Cahen
Still from the video Nashi (
Still from the video Nashi ("Ours"), 2008. 10,000 girls and boys being prepared during the Nashi summer camp, the nationalistic youth movement supported by president Vladimir Putin.
© Daya Cahen
Until Paradise (2002-2003), a photo series showing posters on the walls of the Gaza Strip which commemorate young Palestinian martyrs.
Until Paradise (2002-2003), a photo series showing posters on the walls of the Gaza Strip which commemorate young Palestinian martyrs.
© Ad van Denderen
Waiting for the Demonstration at the wrong time (2003-2007), C-prints. Two young men want to record one of the many protests against the EU top in Copenhagen.
Waiting for the Demonstration at the wrong time (2003-2007), C-prints. Two young men want to record one of the many protests against the EU top in Copenhagen.
© Runo Lagomarsino & Johan Tirén
High Street Barricade from the series Public Order (2003-2005). In this photo series, Sarah Pickering documented a model city which is used by the English police.
High Street Barricade from the series Public Order (2003-2005). In this photo series, Sarah Pickering documented a model city which is used by the English police.
© Sarah Pickering
Road Block River Way from the series Public Order (2003-2005). In this photo series, Sarah Pickering documented a model city which is used by the English police.
Road Block River Way from the series Public Order (2003-2005). In this photo series, Sarah Pickering documented a model city which is used by the English police.
© Sarah Pickering
Still from Laid, from the series Observations (2010). In Observations, Behrens worked with a group of youngsters including Laid - a rapper from Rotterdam
Still from Laid, from the series Observations (2010). In Observations, Behrens worked with a group of youngsters including Laid - a rapper from Rotterdam
© Annette Behrens
Still from the video Glutinosity (2001). In Glutinosity we see a group of people: in uniforms and activists. Their interaction is theatrical yet ambiguous - who is fighting who?
Still from the video Glutinosity (2001). In Glutinosity we see a group of people: in uniforms and activists. Their interaction is theatrical yet ambiguous - who is fighting who?
© Aernout Mik
Fruit and vegetable fight between Friedrichshain and Kreuzberg, Berlin (1999). From the series: The Summits and Love and Destruction.
Fruit and vegetable fight between Friedrichshain and Kreuzberg, Berlin (1999). From the series: The Summits and Love and Destruction.
© Julian Röder
DeAnne, from the series Look at me and tell me if you have known me before (2010). Nouwens portrayed the subcultures in L.A.
DeAnne, from the series Look at me and tell me if you have known me before (2010). Nouwens portrayed the subcultures in L.A.
© Monica Nouwens
Mural from Yumosh (TR), based on the Battle of Karbala which took place in 684, Iraq.
Mural from Yumosh (TR), based on the Battle of Karbala which took place in 684, Iraq.
© Yumosh
Installation shot of ANGRY  at Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam 2011
Installation shot of ANGRY at Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam 2011
Installation shot of ANGRY, Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam, 2011
Installation shot of ANGRY, Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam, 2011
Installation shot of ANGRY  at Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam 2011
Installation shot of ANGRY at Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam 2011
Exactitudes by Ari Versluis and Ellie Uyttenbroek, ANGRY  at Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam 2011
Exactitudes by Ari Versluis and Ellie Uyttenbroek, ANGRY at Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam 2011
Installation shot of ANGRY  at Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam 2011
Installation shot of ANGRY at Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam 2011
Installation shot of ANGRY  at Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam 2011
Installation shot of ANGRY at Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam 2011
Installation shot of ANGRY  at Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam 2011
Installation shot of ANGRY at Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam 2011
Installation shot of ANGRY  at Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam 2011
Installation shot of ANGRY at Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam 2011
Installation shot of ANGRY  at Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam 2011
Installation shot of ANGRY at Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam 2011
Photo series by Julian Röder on demonstrations and activism, ANGRY  at Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam 2011
Photo series by Julian Röder on demonstrations and activism, ANGRY at Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam 2011
Installation shot of ANGRY  at Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam 2011
Installation shot of ANGRY at Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam 2011
Mural by Yumosh (TR), ANGRY, Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam, 2011
Mural by Yumosh (TR), ANGRY, Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam, 2011
Installation shot of ANGRY, Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam, 2011
Installation shot of ANGRY, Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam, 2011
Installation shot of ANGRY, Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam, 2011
Installation shot of ANGRY, Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam, 2011
Sarah Pickering, Job Centre (2004). ANGRY, Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam, 2011
Sarah Pickering, Job Centre (2004). ANGRY, Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam, 2011
Installation shot of ANGRY, Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam, 2011
Installation shot of ANGRY, Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam, 2011
Timeline, ANGRY, Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam, 2011
Timeline, ANGRY, Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam, 2011
Photo series DEMO (2003) by Englert, Morgen & Piantoni. ANGRY, Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam, 2011
Photo series DEMO (2003) by Englert, Morgen & Piantoni. ANGRY, Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam, 2011
Opening exhibition ANGRY at Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam, 2011
Opening exhibition ANGRY at Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam, 2011

Exhibition

From 22.01.2011 until 13.06.2011, the exhibition ANGRY was presented at Nederlands Fotomuseum in Rotterdam. In the exhibition, works by international photographers, filmmakers and visual artists are dealing with the issues of violence, aggression, resistance and the image of the (younger) radical. They approach radicalisation as a complex process linked closely to that of identity formation.

Participating artists: Annette Behrens [1979, DE] | Nisrine Boukhari [1980, SY] | Mohamed Bourouissa [1978, ALG]| Daya Cahen [1969, NL] | Yvon Chabrowski [1978, DE] | Ad van Denderen [1943, NL] | Rineke Dijkstra [1959, NL] | Willie Doherty [1959, IE] | Eva Frapiccini [1979, IT] | Jasper Groen [1974, NL] | Johan Grimonprez [1962, BE] | Susan van Hengstum [1980, NL] | Runo Lagomarsino [1977, SE] & Johan Tirén [1973, SE] | Eva Leitolf [1966, DE] | Aernout Mik [1962, NL] | Mirko Martin [1976, DE] | Monica Nouwens [1964, NL] | Corinne Englert [1977, CH] & Isabel Morgen [1978, DE] & Cora Piantoni [1975, DE] | Sarah Pickering [1972, UK] | Adriaan van der Ploeg [1984, NL] | Astrid Proll [1947, DE] | Julian Röder [1981, DE] | Allan Sekula [1951, USA] | Jules Spinatsch 1964, CH] | Joel Sternfeld [1944, USA] Ari Versluis [1961, NL] & Ellie Uyttenbroek [1965, NL] | Yumosh [1990, TR] | Tobias Zielony [1973, DE]

All works were confronted with 10 video statements of (ex-) radicals. A multimedial historical timeline showed all radical actions and terroristic attacks over the past 50 years. In the centre, visitors could listen to 200 pop songs related to the theme via headphones.

 

  • 22.01.201113.06.2011Fotomuseum, Rotterdam (NL)

  • Concept: Bas Vroege (Paradox)
    Curator: Iris Sikking (Paradox)
    Advice: Frits Gierstberg (Nederlands Fotomuseum)
    Research: Eefje Blankevoort (Prospektor)
    Image research: Suzan Geldhoff, Evgenia Sveshinsky (Paradox)
    Project management: Claudia Küssel (Nederlands Fotomuseum) | Iris Sikking (Paradox)
    Production: Katya von Kaupel Klein, Hans Verschoor (Nederlands Fotomuseum) | Valentijn Brandt (Paradox)
    Marketing & Publicity: Femke IJsinga, Aukje van Hooijdonk (Nederlands Fotomuseum), Lauralouise Hendrix (Paradox)
    Exhibition design: TomDavid Architecten (Rotterdam)
    Graphic design: Kummer & Herrman (Utrecht)
    Prints: Eyes on Media (Amsterdam)
    Frames: Profilex (Amsterdam)
    AV technical support: Beam Systems (Amsterdam) | Frank Ortmanns, Thomas Vroege, Wouter Vroege (Paradox)
    Graphic production: Swoon Sign & Visual (Barendrecht) | [S]Color (Amsterdam)
    Translation: Douglas Heingartner

Homepage ANGRY
Homepage ANGRY
Homepage ANGRY, with articles, workshops, videos and the educational program.
Homepage ANGRY, with articles, workshops, videos and the educational program.
Timeline which shows radical actions and terroristic attacks over the past 50 years.
Timeline which shows radical actions and terroristic attacks over the past 50 years.
The website shows a variety of demonstrations, such as 'taart gooien' (throwing pies).
The website shows a variety of demonstrations, such as 'taart gooien' (throwing pies).

Website

ANGRY is also an interactive website, on which visitors can watch mini-documentaries on rebels, discover the history of radicalism or to take an angry test themselves.

 

  • Eefje Blankevoort (Editor, research and texts)
    Iris Sikking (Editor)
    Arnold van den Bruggen (Research, montage, media campaign and texts)
    Timo Vonk (Research, montage and texts)
    Barbara Vos (Research, montage and texts)
    Laura Verduijn (Production)
    Kummer & Herrman (Design)
    Thijs Gadiot (Development)

ANGRY Opening debate with Wijnand Duyvendak (ex climate activist), Beatrice de Graaf (researcher terrorism) and Stacii Samidin (photographer)
ANGRY Opening debate with Wijnand Duyvendak (ex climate activist), Beatrice de Graaf (researcher terrorism) and Stacii Samidin (photographer)
ANGRY Opening debate with Wijnand Duyvendak (ex climate activist), Beatrice de Graaf (researcher terrorism) and Stacii Samidin (photographer). Moderated by Pieter van Os (editor NRC Handelsblad)
ANGRY Opening debate with Wijnand Duyvendak (ex climate activist), Beatrice de Graaf (researcher terrorism) and Stacii Samidin (photographer). Moderated by Pieter van Os (editor NRC Handelsblad)
Title: Censuur [Censorship], School: Wolfert van Borselen Bi-lingual, Rotterdam, Group: TH4E
Title: Censuur [Censorship], School: Wolfert van Borselen Bi-lingual, Rotterdam, Group: TH4E
Title: Censuur [Censorship], School: Wolfert van Borselen Bi-lingual, Rotterdam, Group: TH4E, Made By: Bryan, Shiwa, Abdelkarim, Jelle, Nathaniel
Title: Censuur [Censorship], School: Wolfert van Borselen Bi-lingual, Rotterdam, Group: TH4E, Made By: Bryan, Shiwa, Abdelkarim, Jelle, Nathaniel

Education packages

At the opening of the exhibition a debate on radicalisation and anger was organised, with Wijnand Duyvendak (ex climate activist), Beatrice de Graaf (researcher terrorism) and Stacii Samidin (photographer) and moderated by Pieter van Os (editor NRC Handelsblad).

During the exhibition, ANGRY education packages (in Dutch only) were developed. The material focused on the themes of ‘radicalism’ and ‘image’. The concept of radicalism was viewed against a historical and social background. Students were challenged to imagine the motives of the radical.

Paradox developed Radicaal in Beeld for higher secondary education, Kosmopolis Rotterdam composed a classproject together for lower secondary education with guest teacher Mohammed Cheppih. During the exhibition period, schools can attend the Workshop Beeldtaal and interactive tours for all levels at the Nederlands Fotomuseum.

  • Project management and publicity: Lise Lotte ten Voorde (Cultuur Cocktail/Paradox), Frouke Hoekstra, Kim Fransen (Nederlands Fotomuseum)
    Research: Eefje Blankevoort, Arnold van Bruggen, Timo Vonk, Barbara Vos (Prospektor)
    Development education packages: Toos Kruithof, Elsbeth Pijnappels
    Design education packages: Kummer & Herrman

In the media

  • Merel Bem, De Volkskrant, 2 February 2011

    Tussen alle ruis en talking heads houdt de kunst zich aardig staande in ANGRY

    Between noise and talking heads art keeps up in ANGRY

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  • Rosan Hollak, nrc.next, 18 January 2011

    Neemt het radicalisme toe, of verbeelden we ons dat?

    Is radicalism increasing, or is it just us?

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  • NRC Handelsblad, 18 January 2011

    Radicaal voelt zich een idealist die de mainstream ontloopt

    Radicalism is an idealist who avoids the mainstream

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  • Hinke Hamer, Trouw, 25 January 2011

    Gewelddadig, levensgevaarlijk en niet goed snik

    Violent, dangerous and crack-brained

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Supported by

General Credits

ANGRY is a production of Paradox, Prospektor (research journalists), Nederlands Fotomuseum Rotterdam (exhibition venue), Kosmopolis Rotterdam (platform intercultural dialogue).

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