Ebifananyi is the title of a series of eight publications by Andrea Stultiens and co-published by Paradox and History In Progress Uganda (HIPUganda). The noun Ebifananyi is derived from the verb Kufanana, and means to be similar to. It’s the Luganda word for photographs, but also for drawings and paintings, placing emphasis on their qualities as likenesses. Each book is centered around one Ugandan photo collection, exploring its cultural context. The series present the results of engagements with photo collections by the Andrea Stultiens, the owners of the collections and (mainly) Ugandan artists, leading to in compelling stories and beautifully designed and printed books.

 

In 2011 Andrea Stultiens and artist Canon Griffin initiated the platform HIPUganda. They aim at digitalizing photographic material in Uganda to prevent the loss of historical collections, which are often threatened by challenging conservational circumstances. Furthermore, the they aim to bring the collections to live by connecting their content to audiences. Since both founders are also image makers and not archivists or conservators, they developed visual strategies to engage with the digitized material. These collections are dead until their content is handled by people who connect it with present day realities. The book series Ebifananyi is the first out of several projects that encourages engagement with the material that HIPUganda manages to disclose.

 

Between 2014 and 2017, seven books are published. The first three books (The Photographer – Deo Kyakulagira, People, Poses, Places – Musa Katuramu and All The Tricks – Elly Rwakoma) form a trilogy and are based on the work of one Ugandan photographer. Simuda Nyuma – Forward Ever Backward Never can be seen as a prequel to the general theme of the Ebifananyi series. Book five (UHURU – minor accidents ENG. M.W. Wambwa), six (Duc in Altum – Dive into the Deep) and seven (Staying Alive) are again a trilogy dealing with photographic pictures and their role in documentation, education en the generation of knowledge in (post-)colonial Uganda.

 

Authors

Andrea Stultiens is not completely at ease with calling herself a photographer, or an artist. Instead she describes herself as someone doing things with photographs. She makes them, collects them, looks at them, thinks and writes about them. Sometimes she makes the results of this visible for the rest of the world online, in books or in exhibitions. All of this is aimed at telling relevant stories about the way we relate to others and how we deal with what we consider to be our own culture.


Next to the mostly self-initiated projects Stultiens also teaches at the BFA program of Academy Minerva in Groningen, where she is also the head of the research group PRICCAPractice that investigates the use of photographs in artistic practices. The Ebifananyi book series and the exhibitions connected to it is the artistic output of her practice based research at PhDArts / Leiden University.



website

Platforms

Ebifananyi I – The photographer - Deo Kyakulagira
Ebifananyi I – The photographer - Deo Kyakulagira
© Deo Kyakulagira
Ebifananyi I – The photographer - Deo Kyakulagira
Ebifananyi I – The photographer - Deo Kyakulagira
© Deo Kyakulagira
Ebifananyi II - People, Poses Places - Musa Katuramu
Ebifananyi II - People, Poses Places - Musa Katuramu
© Musa Katuramu
Ebifananyi III - All the Tricks – Elly Rwakoma
Ebifananyi III - All the Tricks – Elly Rwakoma
© Elly Rwakoma
Ebifananyi V - Old Taxi Park - M.W. Wambwa
Ebifananyi V - Old Taxi Park - M.W. Wambwa
© M.W. Wambwa
Ebifananyi V - M.W. Wambwa
Ebifananyi V - M.W. Wambwa
© M.W. Wambwa
Ebifananyi installation at the exhibition 'Flurina Rothenberger / Andrea Stultiens', Pasquart Photoforum, Biel (CH) in 2016.
Ebifananyi installation at the exhibition 'Flurina Rothenberger / Andrea Stultiens', Pasquart Photoforum, Biel (CH) in 2016.
© Andrea Stultiens
Photos from the Ebifananyi archives at the exhibition 'Flurina Rothenberger / Andrea Stultiens', Pasquart Photoforum, Biel (CH) in 2016.
Photos from the Ebifananyi archives at the exhibition 'Flurina Rothenberger / Andrea Stultiens', Pasquart Photoforum, Biel (CH) in 2016.
The Ebifananyi books at the exhibition 'Flurina Rothenberger / Andrea Stultiens', Pasquart Photoforum, Biel (CH) in 2016.
The Ebifananyi books at the exhibition 'Flurina Rothenberger / Andrea Stultiens', Pasquart Photoforum, Biel (CH) in 2016.
Ebifananyi books at the exhibition 'Flurina Rothenberger / Andrea Stultiens', Pasquart Photoforum, Biel (CH) in 2016.
Ebifananyi books at the exhibition 'Flurina Rothenberger / Andrea Stultiens', Pasquart Photoforum, Biel (CH) in 2016.
HIPUganda exhibition at Makerere University Art Gallery 2015, dedicated to the presenting work of Musa Katuramu and Elly Rwakoma
HIPUganda exhibition at Makerere University Art Gallery 2015, dedicated to the presenting work of Musa Katuramu and Elly Rwakoma
Installation at Makerere University Art Gallery, based on Ebifananyi II and III (2015)
Installation at Makerere University Art Gallery, based on Ebifananyi II and III (2015)
Curators Robinah Nansubuga (UG) and Andrea Stultiens (NL) at the opening of 'Simuda Nyuma – Forward Ever Backward Never' at Framer Framed, Amsterdam
Curators Robinah Nansubuga (UG) and Andrea Stultiens (NL) at the opening of 'Simuda Nyuma – Forward Ever Backward Never' at Framer Framed, Amsterdam
Opening of the exhibition of 'Simuda Nyuma – Forward Ever Backward Never' (Ebifananyi IV) at Framer Framed, Amsterdam (2015)
Opening of the exhibition of 'Simuda Nyuma – Forward Ever Backward Never' (Ebifananyi IV) at Framer Framed, Amsterdam (2015)
Group show Global Imaginations in the Meelfabriek Leiden, 2015
Group show Global Imaginations in the Meelfabriek Leiden, 2015
Installation Go Forward by Andrea Stultiens, as part of the group show Global Imaginations, 2015
Installation Go Forward by Andrea Stultiens, as part of the group show Global Imaginations, 2015

Exhibition

Paradox and Fotomuseum Antwerp (FOMU) are currently developing a presentation on Ebifananyi, which will be on show in 2017.

Over the past years, the books from the Ebifananyi series, were used as starting point for several exhibitions. The annual HIPUganda exhibition at Makerere University Art Gallery 2015 was dedicated to the presenting work of Musa Katuramu and Elly Rwakoma, respectively Ebifananyi II and Ebifananyi III. In 2015, Andrea Stultiens and Robinah Nansubuga curated the group exhibition Simuda Nyuma – Forward Ever Backward, with work inspired by the archive of the Ugandan chief Ham Mukasa (Ebifananyi IV).

Ebifananyi IV inspired Stultiens to create the installation Go Forward, on show as part of the group exhibition Global Imaginations in the Meelfabriek Leiden in 2015. Twenty contemporary artists were invited by Museum De Lakenhal to show their vision on our globalized world. In 2016 the Ebifananyi photos were on show in an installation at Pasquart Photoforum in Biel (CH) together with the works of photographer Flurina Rothenberger. Both Stultiens and Rothenberger are investigating the African continent with great care.

 

  • 24.08.201630.04.2017'Duc in Altum' at Uganda Museum, Kampala (UG)

    23.07.201605.03.2017Exhibition 'The Camera Exposed' including the book Ebifananyi I at V&A, London (UK)

    11.09.201620.11.2016'Flurina Rothenberger / Andrea Stultiens', Pasquart Photoforum, Biel (CH)

    06.08.201506.09.2015'Simuda Nyuma – Forward Ever Backward Never', Framer Framed Amsterdam (NL)

    27.06.201504.10.2015Group show 'Global Imaginations', Meelfabriek Leiden (NL)

    14.05.201506.06.2015HIPUganda exhibition, Makerere Gallery Kampala (UG)

Ebifananyi: Books I - VI
Ebifananyi: Books I - VI
Book cover Ebifananyi I – The photographer - Deo Kyakulagira
Book cover Ebifananyi I – The photographer - Deo Kyakulagira
Spread from Ebifananyi I – The photographer - Deo Kyakulagira
Spread from Ebifananyi I – The photographer - Deo Kyakulagira
Spread from Ebifananyi I – The photographer - Deo Kyakulagira
Spread from Ebifananyi I – The photographer - Deo Kyakulagira
Spread from Ebifananyi I – The photographer - Deo Kyakulagira
Spread from Ebifananyi I – The photographer - Deo Kyakulagira
Spread from Ebifananyi I – The photographer - Deo Kyakulagira
Spread from Ebifananyi I – The photographer - Deo Kyakulagira
Book cover Ebishushani II – People Poses Places – Musa Katuramu
Book cover Ebishushani II – People Poses Places – Musa Katuramu
Spread from Ebishushani II – People Poses Places – Musa Katuramu
Spread from Ebishushani II – People Poses Places – Musa Katuramu
Spread from Ebishushani II – People Poses Places – Musa Katuramu
Spread from Ebishushani II – People Poses Places – Musa Katuramu
Spread from Ebishushani II – People Poses Places – Musa Katuramu
Spread from Ebishushani II – People Poses Places – Musa Katuramu
Photo from Ebifananyi V – UHURU – minor accidents – Eng. M.W. Wambwa
Photo from Ebifananyi V – UHURU – minor accidents – Eng. M.W. Wambwa
© Andrea Stultiens
Photo from Ebifananyi V – UHURU – minor accidents – Eng. M.W. Wambwa
Photo from Ebifananyi V – UHURU – minor accidents – Eng. M.W. Wambwa
© Andrea Stultiens
Photo from Ebifananyi V – UHURU – minor accidents – Eng. M.W. Wambwa
Photo from Ebifananyi V – UHURU – minor accidents – Eng. M.W. Wambwa
© Andrea Stultiens
Photo from Ebifananyi VI – Duc in Altum – Dive into the Deep – St. Mary’s College Kisubi
Photo from Ebifananyi VI – Duc in Altum – Dive into the Deep – St. Mary’s College Kisubi
© Andrea Stultiens
Photo from Ebifananyi VI – Duc in Altum – Dive into the Deep – St. Mary’s College Kisubi
Photo from Ebifananyi VI – Duc in Altum – Dive into the Deep – St. Mary’s College Kisubi
© Andrea Stultiens
Photo from Ebifananyi VI – Duc in Altum – Dive into the Deep – St. Mary’s College Kisubi
Photo from Ebifananyi VI – Duc in Altum – Dive into the Deep – St. Mary’s College Kisubi
© Andrea Stultiens
Front cover of Ebifananyi VII - Staying Alive
Front cover of Ebifananyi VII - Staying Alive
© Andrea Stultiens
Spread from Ebifananyi VII - Staying Alive
Spread from Ebifananyi VII - Staying Alive
© Andrea Stultiens

Books from the Ebifananyi series

Ebifananyi I – The photographer – Deo Kyakulagira
In Ebifananyi I the reader gets to know Deo Kyakulagira through the likenesses he produced of himself, and the way he documented the world around him. Partly as a father, partly as a professional photographer. Stories told by family members and others remembering Central Art Studio Ltd. give an idea of the context in which Central Art Studio ltd operated and developed when Deo Kyakulagira ran it.

Ebishushani II – People Poses Places – Musa Katuramu
In People Poses Places we delve into the collection of Musa Katuramu. In the mid 1930s, teacher and carpenter Musa Katuramu went around his neighbourhood with a simple camera to make portraits of family and friends. His portraits are remarkably intimate and revealing. This is unusual for the time and region where the images were produced. Most camera-owners were outsiders, such as missionaries or colonists. Katuramu was an amateur photographer who constructed studios on site. The technology of his camera was limited, but he maintained one basic rule that worked; never point your camera towards the sun. His son Jerry Bagonza carefully conserved the archive. The archive consists of roughly 1500 negatives and 750 prints that have never been shown before. The book consist of archival images that alternate with contemporary photographs made by Andrea Stultiens and her colleague Rumazi Canon, who grew up in the same region.

Ebishushani III – All the Tricks – Elly Rwakoma
Elly Rwakoma (born 1938) grew up in Ankole and is currently running a farm close to Bushenyi. In his younger days he was a presidential photographer, worked for industrial companies, made school photographs and ran a photostudio. Being an inventive person and darkroom operator, Rwakoma has not been afraid to try out experiment with a thing or two and to stand up for what he believes in. Ebifananyi 3 tells the story of Rwakoma’s discovery with photography; what he could do with it, and what it did with him. The viewer delves into the surroundings and conditions in which Rwakoma worked (or was withheld from work). The focus lies onto the artist’s photojournalistic images, which due to various circumstances went missing. The mysterious story behind this loss guides the viewer through the publication.

Ebifanayi IV – Simuda Nyuma – Forward Ever Backward Never
Simuda Nyuma is the title of a trilogy written during the 1930s by Ham Mukasa (1870-1956), who was important chief of Baganda – a kingdom in south-central Uganda. Being highly educated and one of the first literate in the region, Mukasa wrote about the lives of three kings that ruled Buganda from ca. 1850 until the 1930s. Inside Mukasa’s family collection, which includes photographs, books, manuscripts and documents, curator Andrea Stultiens found a list with descriptions for illustrations. These illustrations were meant to be shown in the trilogy on the life of the three kings, but were never created. Intrigued by this document, Stultiens assigned Ugandan and Dutch artists to interpreted and create the illustrations. As a result, the book presents the story of Ham Mukasa via a combination of documents from the family archive and new illustrations from various contemporary artists, which place the unknown history into today’s setting.

Ebifananyi V – UHURU – minor accidents – Eng. M.W. Wambwa
In this fifth part of the series, Andrea Stultiens delves into the archive of Eng. Wambwa (1928), an engineer from a small community in eastern Uganda. Shortly before they met he had burned all of his negatives, but luckily the slides Wambwa made in the early sixties survived. These slides show a colourful family life and the world around it. The book includes images by contemporary artists, who made work in response to Eng. Wambwa’s archive. Rumanzi Canon (Ug) shot ‘holes in the world’, Elsadig Mohamed (Sd) shifted his focus and Luuk van den Berg (NL) used black and white film to explore the city.

Ebifananyi VI – Duc in Altum – Dive into the Deep – St. Mary’s College Kisubi
The sixth book in the Ebifananyi series is based on the photo collections of St. Mary’s College Kisubi, and the archive of the Brothers of Christian Instruction, who ran the school, that was founded by the White Fathers in 1906 in 1926. The book tries to invoke thoughts and discussion about both the good and the questionable sides of the formal educational system in Uganda that was set up by various missionaries. Ebifananyi VI was launched first at the school it is about, then with an exhibition at the Uganda Museum in Kampala. An extra large book was made in an edition of one as part the continuing research and for the European launch.

Ebifananyi VII – Staying Alive – documenting the Uganda Cancer Institute
Staying Alive considers photographs that were a tool in medical practices and research, and the documentation of the history of the Uganda Cancer Institute. In a place where death is often around the corner, photographs freeze time, but also could be said to keep pasts and the people living in them alive.

The last book in the series will be launched in Europe on October 19th with an overview exhibition of all photographs from all the Ebifananyi books in FOMU, Antwerp.

 

News

Show more

Events

Show more

In the media

  • History in development

    Hard//hoofd, 31-10-2016 Read more »
  • Just read: Ebifananyi 6

    Joel B Ntwatwa, Nevender.com Read more »

Related projects