Ebifananyi is the title of a series of eight publications by Andrea Stultiens and co-published by Paradox and History In Progress Uganda (HIPUganda). The noun Ebifananyi is derived from the verb Kufanana, and means to be similar to. It’s the Luganda word for photographs, but also for drawings and paintings, placing emphasis on their qualities as likenesses. Each book is based on one Ugandan photo collection. It present selected photographs from the collection as well as pictures and texts that result from the activation of the collection by Andrea Stultiens.

In 2011 Andrea Stultiens and artist Canon Griffin initiated the platform HIPUganda. They aim at digitalizing photographic material in Uganda to prevent the loss of historical collections, which are often threatened by challenging conservational circumstances. Furthermore, the they aim to bring the collections to live by connecting their content to audiences. Since both founders are also image makers and not archivists or conservators, they developed visual strategies to engage with the digitized material. The book series Ebifananyi is the first out of several projects that encourages engagement with the material that HIPUganda manages to disclose.

Authors

Andrea Stultiens is not completely at ease with calling herself a photographer, or an artist. Instead she describes herself as someone doing things with photographs. She makes them, collects them, looks at them, thinks and writes about them. Sometimes she makes the results of this visible for the rest of the world online, in books or in exhibitions. All of this is aimed at telling relevant stories about the way we relate to others and how we deal with what we consider to be our own culture.


Next to the mostly self-initiated projects Stultiens also teaches at the BFA program of Academy Minerva in Groningen, where she is also the head of the research group PRICCAPractice that investigates the use of photographs in artistic practices. The Ebifananyi book series and the exhibitions connected to it is the artistic output of her practice based research at PhDArts / Leiden University.



website

Platforms

Ebifananyi I – The photographer - Deo Kyakulagira
Ebifananyi I – The photographer - Deo Kyakulagira
© Deo Kyakulagira
Ebifananyi I – The photographer - Deo Kyakulagira
Ebifananyi I – The photographer - Deo Kyakulagira
© Deo Kyakulagira
Ebifananyi II - People, Poses Places - Musa Katuramu
Ebifananyi II - People, Poses Places - Musa Katuramu
© Musa Katuramu
Ebifananyi III - All the Tricks – Elly Rwakoma
Ebifananyi III - All the Tricks – Elly Rwakoma
© Elly Rwakoma
Ebifananyi V - Old Taxi Park - M.W. Wambwa
Ebifananyi V - Old Taxi Park - M.W. Wambwa
© M.W. Wambwa
Ebifananyi V - M.W. Wambwa
Ebifananyi V - M.W. Wambwa
© M.W. Wambwa
Setting up the exhibition Ebifananyi at FOMU, Antwerp.
Setting up the exhibition Ebifananyi at FOMU, Antwerp.
Ebifananyi installation at the exhibition 'Flurina Rothenberger / Andrea Stultiens', Pasquart Photoforum, Biel (CH) in 2016.
Ebifananyi installation at the exhibition 'Flurina Rothenberger / Andrea Stultiens', Pasquart Photoforum, Biel (CH) in 2016.
© Andrea Stultiens
Photos from the Ebifananyi archives at the exhibition 'Flurina Rothenberger / Andrea Stultiens', Pasquart Photoforum, Biel (CH) in 2016.
Photos from the Ebifananyi archives at the exhibition 'Flurina Rothenberger / Andrea Stultiens', Pasquart Photoforum, Biel (CH) in 2016.
The Ebifananyi books at the exhibition 'Flurina Rothenberger / Andrea Stultiens', Pasquart Photoforum, Biel (CH) in 2016.
The Ebifananyi books at the exhibition 'Flurina Rothenberger / Andrea Stultiens', Pasquart Photoforum, Biel (CH) in 2016.
Ebifananyi books at the exhibition 'Flurina Rothenberger / Andrea Stultiens', Pasquart Photoforum, Biel (CH) in 2016.
Ebifananyi books at the exhibition 'Flurina Rothenberger / Andrea Stultiens', Pasquart Photoforum, Biel (CH) in 2016.
HIPUganda exhibition at Makerere University Art Gallery 2015, dedicated to the presenting work of Musa Katuramu and Elly Rwakoma
HIPUganda exhibition at Makerere University Art Gallery 2015, dedicated to the presenting work of Musa Katuramu and Elly Rwakoma
Curators Robinah Nansubuga (UG) and Andrea Stultiens (NL) at the opening of 'Simuda Nyuma – Forward Ever Backward Never' at Framer Framed, Amsterdam
Curators Robinah Nansubuga (UG) and Andrea Stultiens (NL) at the opening of 'Simuda Nyuma – Forward Ever Backward Never' at Framer Framed, Amsterdam
Opening of the exhibition of 'Simuda Nyuma – Forward Ever Backward Never' (Ebifananyi IV) at Framer Framed, Amsterdam (2015)
Opening of the exhibition of 'Simuda Nyuma – Forward Ever Backward Never' (Ebifananyi IV) at Framer Framed, Amsterdam (2015)

Exhibition

The exhibition Ebifananyi – Andrea Stultiens is on show at Fotomuseum Antwerp (FOMU) from 27 October 2017 – 18 February 2018. The presentation brings together for the first time all the photography collections upon which the publications are based. They demonstrate the wide variety of narrative potential for historical footage. The exhibition also provides insight into responses to the collections in Uganda itself. Stultiens thus aims to show how photographic images in this East African country are being used and questions the stereotypical imagery that is associated with Africa.

Over the past years, the books from the Ebifananyi series, were used as starting point for several exhibitions. The annual HIPUganda exhibition at Makerere University Art Gallery 2015 was dedicated to the presenting work of Musa Katuramu and Elly Rwakoma, respectively Ebifananyi II and Ebifananyi III. In 2015, Andrea Stultiens and Robinah Nansubuga curated the group exhibition Simuda Nyuma – Forward Ever Backward, with work inspired by the archive of the Ugandan chief Ham Mukasa (Ebifananyi IV).

Ebifananyi IV inspired Stultiens to create the installation Go Forward, on show as part of the group exhibition Global Imaginations in the Meelfabriek Leiden in 2015. Twenty contemporary artists were invited by Museum De Lakenhal to show their vision on our globalized world. In 2016 the Ebifananyi photos were on show in an installation at Pasquart Photoforum in Biel (CH) together with the works of photographer Flurina Rothenberger. Both Stultiens and Rothenberger are investigating the African continent with great care.

 

  • 27.10.201718.02.2018'Ebifananyi - Andrea Stultiens' at FOMU, Antwerp (BE)

    24.08.201630.04.2017'Duc in Altum' at Uganda Museum, Kampala (UG)

    23.07.201605.03.2017Exhibition 'The Camera Exposed' including the book Ebifananyi I at V&A, London (UK)

    11.09.201620.11.2016'Flurina Rothenberger / Andrea Stultiens', Pasquart Photoforum, Biel (CH)

    06.08.201506.09.2015'Simuda Nyuma – Forward Ever Backward Never', Framer Framed Amsterdam (NL)

    27.06.201504.10.2015Group show 'Global Imaginations', Meelfabriek Leiden (NL)

    14.05.201506.06.2015HIPUganda exhibition, Makerere Gallery Kampala (UG)

The complete Ebifananyi book series by Andrea Stultiens.
The complete Ebifananyi book series by Andrea Stultiens.
© Ben Krewinkel
Cover Ebifananyi 1: People Poses Places
Cover Ebifananyi 1: People Poses Places
© Ben Krewinkel
Spread from Ebifananyi 1: People Poses Places
Spread from Ebifananyi 1: People Poses Places
© Ben Krewinkel
Spread from Ebifananyi 1: People Poses Places
Spread from Ebifananyi 1: People Poses Places
© Ben Krewinkel
Cover Ebifananyi 2: The Photographer
Cover Ebifananyi 2: The Photographer
© Ben Krewinkel
Spread from Ebifananyi 2: The Photographer
Spread from Ebifananyi 2: The Photographer
© Ben Krewinkel
Spread from Ebifananyi 2: The Photographer
Spread from Ebifananyi 2: The Photographer
© Ben Krewinkel
Spread from Ebifananyi 2: The Photographer
Spread from Ebifananyi 2: The Photographer
© Ben Krewinkel
Cover Ebifananyi 3: All The Tricks
Cover Ebifananyi 3: All The Tricks
© Ben Krewinkel
Spread from Ebifananyi 3: All The Tricks
Spread from Ebifananyi 3: All The Tricks
© Ben Krewinkel
Spread from Ebifananyi 3: All The Tricks
Spread from Ebifananyi 3: All The Tricks
© Ben Krewinkel
Spread from Ebifananyi 3: All The Tricks
Spread from Ebifananyi 3: All The Tricks
© Ben Krewinkel
Cover Ebifananyi 4: Forward Ever Backward Never
Cover Ebifananyi 4: Forward Ever Backward Never
© Ben Krewinkel
Spread from Ebifananyi 4: Forward Ever Backward Never
Spread from Ebifananyi 4: Forward Ever Backward Never
© Ben Krewinkel
Spread from Ebifananyi 4: Forward Ever Backward Never
Spread from Ebifananyi 4: Forward Ever Backward Never
© Ben Krewinkel
Cover Ebifananyi 5: UHURU minor accidents
Cover Ebifananyi 5: UHURU minor accidents
© Ben Krewinkel
Spread from Ebifananyi 5: UHURU minor accidents
Spread from Ebifananyi 5: UHURU minor accidents
© Ben Krewinkel
Spread from Ebifananyi 5: UHURU minor accidents
Spread from Ebifananyi 5: UHURU minor accidents
© Ben Krewinkel
Spread from Ebifananyi 5: UHURU minor accidents
Spread from Ebifananyi 5: UHURU minor accidents
© Ben Krewinkel
Cover Ebifananyi 6: Dive into the deep
Cover Ebifananyi 6: Dive into the deep
© Ben Krewinkel
Spread from Ebifananyi 6: Dive into the deep
Spread from Ebifananyi 6: Dive into the deep
© Ben Krewinkel
Spread from Ebifananyi 6: Dive into the deep
Spread from Ebifananyi 6: Dive into the deep
© Ben Krewinkel
Cover Ebifananyi 7: Staying Alive
Cover Ebifananyi 7: Staying Alive
© Ben Krewinkel
Spread from Ebifananyi 7: Staying Alive
Spread from Ebifananyi 7: Staying Alive
© Ben Krewinkel
Spread from Ebifananyi 7: Staying Alive
Spread from Ebifananyi 7: Staying Alive
© Ben Krewinkel
Spread from Ebifananyi 7: Staying Alive
Spread from Ebifananyi 7: Staying Alive
© Ben Krewinkel
Cover Ebifananyi 8: The King Pictured
Cover Ebifananyi 8: The King Pictured
© Ben Krewinkel
Spread from Ebifananyi 8: The King Pictured
Spread from Ebifananyi 8: The King Pictured
© Ben Krewinkel
Spread from Ebifananyi 8: The King Pictured
Spread from Ebifananyi 8: The King Pictured
© Ben Krewinkel
Front and back cover Ebifananyi 8: The King Pictured
Front and back cover Ebifananyi 8: The King Pictured
© Ben Krewinkel

Books from the Ebifananyi series

Set 1, Book 1, 2 and 3; the photographer’s trilogy.
The first three books in the Ebifananyi series form a trilogy. Each one of these books is based on the work of one Ugandan photographer and tries to show the diversity within and between their respective practices.

Ebifananyi 1 – The photographer – Deo Kyakulagira
Deo Kyakulagira (1940-2000) lived for his family and photography. He operated several studios from the early 1970s until his untimely death in 2000. He worked for the Ministry of Agriculture and for the Department of Medical Illustration of Mulago Hospital. Deo Kyakulagira did not exhibit his work during his lifetime. Like many of his colleagues he was not recognised as an author for the work he did.

In Ebifananyi 1 the reader gets to know Deo Kyakulagira through the likenesses he produced of himself, and the way he documented the world around him, partly as a father, partly as a professional photographer. Stories told by family members and others remembering the studio Deo ran in the 1980s and 90s named Central Art Studio Ltd give an idea of the context in which Deo Kyakulagira’s most succesful business operated and developed.

Ebishushani 2 – People Poses Places – Musa Katuramu
In People Poses Places Stultiens focusses on teacher, carpenter and cattle keeper Musa Katuramu (1916-1983). From the late 1930s he started to make portraits of family and friends with a simple box camera, using the Western Ugandan landscape as a backdrop.  Nevertheless, Katuramu was one of the few who owned a camera and knew the people posing and their world. Most camera owners were outsiders such as missionaries or colonists. It makes his portraits remarkably intimate. Katuramu’s archive was carefully stored by his son Jerry Bagonza. The archive consists of roughly 1500 negatives and 750 prints that have never been shown before. The book is composed of archival images that alternate with contemporary photographs made by Andrea Stultiens and her colleague Canon Griffin, who grew up in the same region as Katuramu.

Ebishushani 3 – All the Tricks – Elly Rwakoma
All the Tricks presents pictures made by Elly Rwakoma (ca. 1938). In addition he tells the reader how he became interested in photography, and how events related to photography had an impact on his life.

Rwakoma ran a photo studio and was a presidential photographer as well as a social worker and a businessman. Ebishushani 3 takes off from one particular photojournalistic image that, due to various still mysterious circumstances, went missing. Rwakoma’s stories and pictures provide yet another inside into photographic practices in Uganda and raise questions about the circumstances in which news was made and brought to audiences in his country and beyond.

Set 2. Book 5, 6, and 7; on the relationship between photographic documentation, education and what can be known.
Book 5, 6 and 7 in the series have brown covers. They all dealing with the roles photographs play in documentation, education and ideas about the generation of knowledge in colonial and post-colonial Uganda.

Ebifananyi 5 – UHURU – minor accidents – Eng. M.W. Wambwa
Uhuru is the Swahili word for independence. The protectorate Uganda gained its independence from the British Empire in 1962. The book presents a selection of colour slides made by ENG. M.W. Wambwa and fragments from his autobiography. Engineer Wambwa was born and raised in a rural community in Eastern Uganda. His mother made every effort possible to educate him. He eventually became one of the first western trained civil engineers in Uganda. Both Eng. Wambwa’s pictures as well as the selected text fragments are optimistic about the developments of the country and its newly gained political independence, until a dark day late May 1966. Just before Stultiens and Wambwa met, Wambwa burned all of his negatives. The slides that survived, formed inspiration for three contemporary photographers: Canon Griffin (UG), Luuk van den Berg (NL) and Elsadig Mohamed. They responded on Stultiens’ invitation, in their own way, to the historical pictures.

Ebifananyi 6 – Duc in Altum – Dive into the Deep – St. Mary’s College Kisubi
Duc in Altum, Dive into the Deep is based on a set of negatives found in the archive room of the Brothers of Christian Instruction in Kisubi. Since 1926 this religious order has been in charge of St. Mary’s College Kisubi (anno 1906), a prestigious bourding school for boys. The negatives were made by Canadian brothers who traveled to Uganda and worked at the school in the 1940s. These photographs are connected to the collection of butterflies in the school’s biology lab as well as to the photographs that were made every year of the groups of boys who graduated. The sequenced pictures suggest a rethink of the Linnaean system of classification of nature and its relationship to what can and should be known in order to understand. Ebifananyi 6 was launched at St. Mary’s College.

Ebifananyi 7 – Staying Alive – documenting the Uganda Cancer Institute
Staying Alive considers photographs that were a tool in medical practices and research, and the documentation of the history of the Uganda Cancer Institute. It gives an insight into the past of the institute and asks questions concerning the ethics around medical photographs and depictions of patients.

Medical historian Marissa Mika, who wrote her dissertation about the Uganda Cancer Institute contributed texts from her fieldnotes and Andrea Stultiens reflects on her own position, as a former cancer patient, in relation to the patients she photographed in 2012. John Nyende and Coleb Butungi, both medical illustrators, translated historical medical photographs into drawings, guaranteeing the privacy of the patients but still forcing us to think about their presence. In a place where death is often around the corner, photographs freeze time, but keep pasts and the people living in them alive at the same time.

Set 3. Book 4 and 8; on the first appearance and nature of photographic pictures in Uganda.
The two books in the Ebifananyi series with (light and dark) blue covers bring forth the conceptual relationship between photographs and other two-dimensional likenesses. They also consider the relationship between photographs and documented and undocumented histories.

Ebifanayi 4 – Simuda Nyuma – Forward Ever Backward Never
Simuda Nyuma is the title of a trilogy written during the 1930s by Ham Mukasa (1870-1956), who was an important chief of Buganda – the kingdom in south-central Uganda (and the country’s name giver). Known as ‘the scholar who never went to school’ and one of the first literate people in the kingdom, Mukasa wrote about the lives of three kings that ruled Buganda from ca. 1856 until the 1938. Inside Mukasa’s family collection, which includes photographs, books, manuscripts and documents, Andrea Stultiens found a list with descriptions for illustrations.

Ebifananyi 4 presents photographs from the collection of the Ham Mukasa foundation and illustrations that accompany the stories told by Ham Mukasa. These illustrations were made, on Stultiens’ invitation, by various contemporary artists who rethink the history Mukasa wanted to tell through their translations from words into pictures.

The book includes important contributions by Achola Rosario, Emmanuel Lwanga, Eria Nsubuga, Fred Mutebi, Ian Mwesiga, Nathan Omiel, Papa Shabani, Robinah Nansubuga, Violet Nantume and students from Uganda Christian University and Academy Minerva.

Ebifananyi 8 – The King Pictured Ekifananyi Kya Muteesa 
Ekifananyi Kya Muteesa presents a collective visual research into the social and cultural biography of the first photographic portrait made of a king in Buganda. The photograph was made by explorer Henry Morton Stanley in 1875 and was barely known in Uganda when Andrea Stultiens started this research. Interpretations of this picture are known and in use in the country.

Stultiens traced the relation between the photograph and the interpretations and invited Ugandan artists to make their own version of ‘a picture of Muteesa’. Among them are Canon Griffin, Daudi Karungi, Eria Nsubuga, Eva Ddembe, Fred Mutebi, Fred Ndaula, Henry Mzili Mujunga, Ian Mwesiga, Jacob Odama, Margaret Nagawa, Martha Namutosi, Matt Kayem, Mukiza, Nathan Omiel, Papa Shabani, Piloya Irene, Ronex Ahimbisbwe, Sanaa Gateja, Timothy Erau, Violet Nantume and Wasswa Donald. Each one of these interpretations contributes to a contemporary understanding of the photograph and brings forth an alternative for the engraving that is based on the photograph. This engraving was published in a book by H.M. Stanley. Stultiens considers to be a misinterpretation of the photograph and explains why in this book.

News

Show more

Events

Show more

In the media

  • History in development

    Hard//hoofd, 31-10-2016 Read more »
  • Just read: Ebifananyi 6

    Joel B Ntwatwa, Nevender.com Read more »

Related projects